As the lunar calendar brings us closer to the auspicious celebration of Guru Nanak Jayanti, or Gurupurab, hearts fill with devotion and minds reflect upon the teachings of Sikhism's revered founder, Guru Nanak Dev Ji. This sacred day is not just a religious observance but a tapestry of cultural ethos, where the air resonates with hymns and the spirit of oneness. The celebration of Guru Nanak Jayanti transcends beyond the gilded walls of gurdwaras, spilling into the lives of millions around the world, reminding us of the timeless virtues of compassion, unity, and equality. 

Gurupurab is a journey back to the roots of Sikh philosophy, an opportunity to embody the profound messages of one of history's greatest spiritual leaders. 

According to Sikh literature, the festival occurs on the full moon day of the Indian lunar month, Kartik. The festival, also called Gurupurab, is celebrated with utmost zeal and enthusiasm by Sikhs worldwide. This year, in 2024, Guru Nanak Jayanti will occur on 27th November. 

Let’s delve into the essence of this holy occasion and discover the profound impact of Guru Nanak's legacy.

About Guru Nanak Jayanti

 Although there is no official record of the festival's origin, people from Sikh communities believe that the custom of celebrating the festival is as old as Sikhism. Sikhs worldwide celebrate the birthday of all their ten gurus, or Gurupurabs, as they call them, but Guru Nanak's birthday holds a special place for them.  

Guru Nanak was born in 1469 in a small village near present-day Lahore called Talwandi. During his life, the great guru travelled extensively to spread the message of love and peace. He also believed and taught people that all individuals could connect with God through prayers. 

To spread his message, he started writing Guru Granth Sahib and wrote 974 hymns in it. The Sikhs worldwide consider Guru Granth Sahib sacred, and it is regarded as the central holy religious scripture of Sikhism and the final, sovereign, and eternal Guru.

The verses in the holy book propagate the idea that the creator of the universe is one. Guru Granth Sahib also spread the message of selfless service to humanity and social justice for all, irrespective of their caste, creed, and sex.  

Guru Nanak Jayanti Celebrations

Guru Nanak Jayanti or Guru Parv celebrations start two days before the actual day of the festival. Two days before Guru Nanak's birthday, Gurdwaras, the place of worship for the Sikhs, hold 'Akhand Path,' which is essentially a 48-hour non-stop reading of the Guru Granth Sahib. 

On the penultimate day, people take out a procession known as 'Nagarkirtan,' which is led by Panj Pyaras, or the five beloved ones. They lead the procession and carry the Sikh flag known as Nishan Sahib and a Palanquin (Palki) of Guru Granth Sahib. 

A team of singers follows the Panj Pyaras, who chant the hymns from the holy book, and the devotees sing with them in chorus. A brass band following the procession plays different tunes, and a 'Gatka' team displays their swordsmanship using traditional weapons. 

On the festival day, the celebrations commence with 'Prabhat Pheri,' an early morning procession that begins at the Gurudwara and goes through the localities singing hymns and verses from the holy book, spreading the message of Guru Nanak Ji. 

People from Sikh communities decorate their homes and have family gatherings. Many Sikh and Hindu families visit the Golden Temple in Amritsar on this day to offer their prayers at the holy shrine. 


The Persian word Langar literally translates to 'alms house.' It is a place for the poor and the needy. In Sikhism, Langar is associated with the 'community kitchen.' The main idea of Langar is to feed the hungry and anyone in need. 

It is believed that when Guru Nanak was  12-year-old, he used the money his father gave him to buy food for the locals who had been hungry for many days. To honour this noble act of service by the great spiritual guru, on Guru Nanak Jayanti, many Sikh families voluntarily organise Langars at the Gurudwara and feed the hungry and needy after the procession. 

Famous Gurudwaras in India

  •  Gurudwara Harmandir Sahib, Amritsar, Punjab

Undoubtedly, the most famous Gurudwara in India, Gurudwara Harmandir Sahib, better known as 'The Golden Temple’ is the holiest site for the Sikhs. Located in Amritsar, the upper floors of the shrine are covered in gold sheets. The Gurudwara has four doors, signifying that the Sikh religion accepts people from all walks of life. 

  • Gurudwara Bangla Sahib, Delhi

Located in the heart of Delhi, Gurudwara Bangla Sahib was built between the 17th to 18th centuries. The eighth Sikh Guru Har Krishan stayed here for some time, and this Gurudwara was constructed to commemorate him. 

  • Takhat Sachkhand Shri Hazur Abchalnagar Sahib Gurudwara, Maharashtra

Located in Nanded, Maharashtra, Takhat Sachkhand Shri Hazur Abchalnagar Sahib Gurudwara is one of the most beautiful Gurudwaras in India. This Gurudwara was built in 1832 by Maharaja Ranjit Singh in memory of Guru Gobind Singh Ji as he took his last breath here. 

  • Gurudwara Sri Hemkunt Sahib, Uttarakhand

Dedicated to the tenth Sikh Guru, Guru Gobind Sahib, this beautiful Gurudwara is located at about 4000 metres above sea level and is nestled amidst the snow-clad mountains in the Chamoli district Uttarakhand. The picturesque setting around the Gurudwara and the undeniable peaceful vibe inside the premises redefines spirituality.  

If you are planning a family holiday to Uttarakhand, you can book your stay at any of the resorts in Uttarakhand hosted by Club Mahindra, such as Club Mahindra Mussoorie and Club Mahindra Kanatal resorts. These premium resorts would be a perfect base for you to explore the local sights and have a memorable holiday.

The importance of Gurpurab cannot be overstated; it's a time when we not only celebrate the birth of a divine soul but also reflect upon the eternal messages of peace, equality, and unity that he left behind. Understanding the significance of this day inspires us to rise above petty divisions and embrace the universal brotherhood that Guru Nanak championed. 

The information and reflections shared during Guru Nanak Gurpurab serve as a beacon of light, guiding us towards leading a life of compassion, humility, and service to humanity. As we conclude our journey through the celebrations of Guru Nanak Jayanti, let us carry forward the spirit of Gurpurab beyond this day, imbibing his teachings into our daily lives, illuminating the path towards a more inclusive and kind-hearted world.

About Club Mahindra

Mahindra Holidays & Resorts India Ltd. (MHRIL), a part of Leisure and Hospitality sector of the Mahindra Group, offers quality family holidays primarily through vacation ownership memberships and brings to the industry values such as reliability, trust and customer satisfaction. Started in 1996, the company's flagship brand ‘Club Mahindra’, today has over 290,000 members , who can holiday at 140+ resorts in India and abroad.

Read More

Checkout our resorts