Indian Railways, one of the oldest and most extensive railway systems globally, is on the cusp of achieving a monumental milestone - becoming the world's largest green network targeting zero emissions by 2030.

With its vast network spanning across the length and breadth of the country, Indian Railways has been instrumental in connecting remote regions, facilitating economic growth, and transporting millions of passengers daily. However, this feat hasn't come without its environmental challenges, given the massive carbon footprint associated with traditional rail operations.


As per reports, the entire broad gauge network of the railways will be fully electrified within the next few months, well ahead of the fiscal year-end making Indian Railways the world's largest environmentally friendly rail system.  An interim budget has earmarked INR 6,500 crore for ongoing electrification projects.

While it will take some time for diesel locomotives to be phased out and replaced by electric engines, there has been a notable shift with more electric engines than diesel ones. Rail electrification is progressing at a rate approximately nine times faster than a decade ago. Nonetheless, the railways have set a target to become the world's largest green railway with zero carbon emissions by 2030.

The introduction of electric locomotives and the conversion of diesel engines to electric ones have been pivotal in reducing emissions and noise pollution. Additionally, the incorporation of energy-efficient technologies in trains and stations, including LED lighting and regenerative braking systems, has enhanced operational efficiency while minimizing environmental impact.

As Indian Railways inches closer to achieving its goal of becoming the world's largest green network, it sets a compelling example for other railway systems globally. By prioritizing sustainability alongside efficiency and connectivity, Indian Railways demonstrates that large-scale transportation infrastructure can evolve to meet the needs of the present without compromising the well-being of future generations. This remarkable journey underscores the transformative power of innovation and collective action in building a greener, more sustainable future.

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